place a pair of prismatic lenses on the owl
it will initially orient toward the visual stimulus but will misdirect the movement of its talons toward the amount of the visual displacement - after only about 10 min it learns
are owls with prismatic lenses able to adapt
visumotor adaptations happen very
traits that help an organism survive
characteristics that are passed from parents to their offspring.
a body part that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
a behavior that helps a living thing survive in its
What is the largest owl species in NC?
Great horned owl
Where is the Great horned owl located?
The Great horned owl is located in woodland habitats statewide, including suburbia.
What is the Great horned owl's closest relative
Eagle owl of Eurasia
In the magazine, Birds of North Carolina, T
and influenced by them
Study of adaptations of organisms to environment
Dr. Joe Kuban
How organisms interact eith each other and the environment
Where did ecology originate?
The greeks - Aristotle, Theoprastus (Botany)
Evolutionists & natural selection
Charles Darwin, Alexander
The maximal amount of force a muscle can generate. Functional measured with a repetition maximum test. Dependent on muscle mass and neural adaptations. Measured dynamically or isometrically
Local Muscular Endurance
The ability of a muscle to sustain repeated contractions against
that an organism lives in
an individual living thing
A study concerned with the evolutionary adaptations that enable organisms tho meet the challenges posed by their abiotic environments
a group of individuals who live together and can interbreed
) Community Ecology
4) Landscape ecology
5) Ecosystem ecology
define organismal ecology
evolutionary adaptations that allow organisms to meet the challenges of the environment
all members of a single species occupying a specific region and sharing a common gene pool
the study of the interactions between organisms and the environment.
physical, evolutionary, and behavioral ecology. It's concerned with how an organism's structure, physiology and behavior meet the challenges posed by its environment.
for food (intergroup and intragroup)
third challenge of feeding ecology
types of food's defenses
chemical compounds (secondary metabolites), mechanical challenges
two types of secondary metabolites
digestion inhibitors, true toxins
What types of adaptations do primates develop to deal
The study of how organisms interact with each other and their environment.
The entire portion of Earth inhabited by life; the sum of all the planet's ecosystems.
The study of the functioning and distribution of organisms across the biosphere and how the regional
the study of relationships among living organisms and the interaction they have with their environments
organisms role in its environment including the organisms behaviors, adaptations, habitat, food, and their spot on the food web
one organism benefits at the expense
Study of interactions between organisms and the environment
A group of individuals of a particular species living in a particular area
All of the organisms of all of the species that inhabit a particular area. An assemblage of populations of many species
indicators of siltation
habitat requirements are so large that protecting them also protects many other species in the same habitats
ex. northern spotted owl
single large or instantly recognizable species
ex. american buffalo, giant panda, florida panther
the study of interactions among organisms with their environment
ecological levels of organization
species > population > communities > ecosystems > biome > biosphere
a group of organisms that can breed
group of individuals belonging to the small species
Different animals have different shaped things depending on the kind of food they eat.
Body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself and to reproduce in species. Survival
Examples of Physical Adaptations
shape of a bird's beak, color of an animal's fur
is muscular endurance training used?
At the early stages of exercise, following an injury or to supplement endurance events e.g. running
skeletal system adaptations from strength training?
increased bone density
decreased risk of osteoporosis
increased joint strength
focuses on studying the role of natural selection in adaptations and speciation
concerned with responses of individual organisms to environmental conditions
focuses on species interactions
explores spatial processes that linked
Owls are known as what?
"Birds of Prey" or Raptors (A bird that has sharp beak and claws and uses them to hunt food).
Scientists believe that there are how many types of owls?
over 155 types
Owl fossils have been dated to be how old?
to be over 70 to 80 million years old
2. An organismal scientist would concentrate on the adaptations that allow organisms to overcome the challenges of their environment.
The theme of ecology is
Scientists recognize a hierarchy of organization in the environment. Each level has unique properties that result
number of individuals of the same species in a specific place or area
organisms place to live
role (job) of an organism- producer, consumer, or decomposer- special adaptations
can a niche overlap