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the field of study that applies the concepts and methods of the geosciences to archaeological research
in any sequence of flat lying strata undisturbed by folding or overturning, the layers at the bottom are older than the layers at the top
easily identified geological layer that has been independently confirmed at numerous locations-used to date sediments
the systematic search for, and documentation of, archaeological sites
any place where material evidence exists about the human past. usually the "site" refers to a concentration of such evidence
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different places on the landscape, timed to the seasonal availability of food and other resources
the distribution of archaeological sites across a region
the movements and activities reconstructed from a settlement pattern
a fist-sized, round, flat,handheld stone used with a metate for grinding foods
a large, flat stone used as stationary surface upon which seeds, tubers, and nuts are ground with a mano
systematic regional survey
a set of strategies for arriving at accurate descriptions of the range of archaeological material across a landscape
a set of counts, measurements, or characteristics about which relevant inquiries are to be made.
the region that contains the statistical population and that will be sampled. its size and shape are determined by the research question and practical considerations.
a sample drawn from a statistical population such that every member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample
the percentage of the sample universe that is surveyed. Areas with a lot of variability in archaeological remains require larger sample fractions than do areas of low variability
survey units of a standard size and shape, determined by the research question and and practical considerations, used to obtain the sample
universal transverse mercator. a grid system in which north and east coordinates provide a location anywhere in the world, precise to one meter.
stratified random sample
a survey universe divided into several sub-universes that are then sampled at potentially different sample fractions
a conical structure made of poles or logs laid against one another that served as a fall or winter home among prehistoric Shoshone and Paiute
a unique catalog number given to each site; consists of a number, county letter abbreviation and the site's sequential number within the county